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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice or Microsoft Word format
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  • Referencing should comply with the standard APA style (7th edition). We are currently working on curating support and example materials. 
  • All authors have full names, email addresses, relevant qualifications and affiliations stipulated.
  • Bibliographic and in-text citations conform to the standard APA (7th edition) style

Author Guidelines

General information


All work submitted to the journal for consideration of publication should be submitted in accordance with the Journals Publication ethics (link). Any research conducted with human participants should meet the World Medical Association’s Declaration of Helsinki statement of ethical principles and review. See Declaration of Helsinki


All articles must be written in good English. Please note that the article will not undergo editing by CPPE before publication and a manuscript may be rejected during the initial checking process if it is deemed unintelligible and hence not suitable for peer review.
For authors whose first language is not English, it may be beneficial to have the manuscript read by a native English speaker with scientific expertise. There are many commercial editing services that can provide this service at a cost to the authors.

For all submissions non-discriminatory language is mandatory. The text should be free from bias towards a race, gender, culture, political opinion and age. Inclusive language should be used to avoid expressions or words that may be considered to exclude groups of people. This may include expressions or words that show bias towards gender, such as “mankind” or “he/his”.

Only British spellings are allowed in this journal. For British spellings, Collins English Dictionary and Oxford Dictionary may be used. 

Declaration of interests

The authors are requested to identify all funding sources, where applicable, in the production of this manuscript. All authors are required to submit any financial and personal relationships that may influence the bias of this manuscript. This may include but is not limited to funding sources, current employment of the author or significant other, company investments, patent applications etc.

Submission declaration and verification

By submitting your article to the Contemporary Physiotherapy in Practice and Education (CPPE) journal you are confirming that this manuscript has not been published in another journal or is not currently submitted for approval.


To be considered as an author on the submitted manuscript the author must have significantly contributed to the concept and design of the study, or data acquisition, or data analysis and interpretation of the data. The author must also have contributed to the editing and revision of the document and confirm the final approval of the submitted document. Each author should declare their individual contribution to the article.


All contributors who do not meet the requirements of authorship should be acknowledged. These may be individuals responsible for data analysis, writing assistance or those who have offered support to the study such as a department lead.

Manuscript categories and word count

Original research/audit using quantitative data – maximum word count 3,000 words

Original research/audit using qualitative data –maximum word count 4000 words

Systematic/~Systematised reviews – maximum word count 5,000 words

Narrative reviews – max. 3,000 words

Case reports – max. 2,000 words

Letters to the editors – max. 500 words

Book Reviews-max 1500 words


Referencing should comply with the standard APA style (7th edition). We are currently working on curating support and example materials. Adhere to current APA guidelines; however, use single spacing within each reference.

Artwork guidelines

Illustrations, pictures and graphs, should be supplied in the highest quality and in an electronic format that helps us to publish your article in the best way possible. Please follow the guidelines below to enable us to prepare your artwork for online publication.


Figures: TIFF, JPEG: Common format for pictures (containing no text or graphs).

EPS: Preferred format for graphs and line art (retains quality when enlarging/zooming in).

Placement: Figures/charts and tables created in MS Word should be included in the main text rather than at the end of the document.

Figures and other files created outside Word (i.e. Excel, PowerPoint, JPG, TIFF, EPS, and PDF) should be submitted separately. Please add a placeholder note in the running text (i.e. “[insert Figure 1.]")

Resolution: Rasterised based files (i.e. with .tiff or .jpeg extension) require a resolution of at least 300 dpi (dots per inch). Line art should be supplied with a minimum resolution of 800 dpi.

Colour: Please note that images supplied in colour will be published in colour online (unless otherwise arranged).

Dimension: Check that the artworks supplied match or exceed the dimensions of the journal. Images cannot be scaled up after origination

Fonts: The lettering used in the artwork should not vary too much in size and type (usually sans serif font as a default).


Image Integrity

Figures should be minimally processed and should reflect the integrity of the original data in the image. Adjustments to images in brightness, contrast, or colour balance should be applied equally to the entire image, provided they do not distort any data in the figure, including the background. Selective adjustments and touch-up tools used on portions of a figure are not appropriate. Images should not be layered or combined into a single image unless it is stated that the figure is a product of time-averaged data. All adjustments to image date should be clearly disclosed in the figure legend. Images may be additionally screened to confirm faithfulness to the original data. Authors should be able to supply raw image data upon request. Authors should also list tools and software used to collect image data and should document settings and manipulations in the Methods section.

Manuscript text

  • Headings follow current APA guidelines.
  • In-text citations follow current APA guidelines.
  • Tables and figures follow current APA guidelines.

Keywords: No more than 6 keywords

Preparing your manuscript

The information below details the section headings that you should include in your manuscript and what information should be within each section. Please refer also to the specific instructions for each submission for variations e.g. Letters to the editors or Case Reports

Please note that your manuscript must include a 'Declarations' section including all of the subheadings (please see below for more information).

Title page

The title page should:

  • present a title that includes, if appropriate, the study design e.g.:
    • "A versus B in the treatment of C: a randomized controlled trial", "X is a risk factor for Y: a case-control study", "What is the impact of factor X on subject Y: A systematic review"
    • or for non-clinical or non-research studies a description of what the article reports
  • list the full names, institutional addresses and email addresses for all authors
    • if a collaboration group should be listed as an author, please list the Group name as an author. If you would like the names of the individual members of the Group to be searchable through their individual PubMed records, please include this information in the “Acknowledgements” section in accordance with the instructions below
  • indicate the corresponding author


The Abstract should not exceed 500 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. The abstract must include the following separate sections:

  • Background: the context and purpose of the study
  • Methods: how the study was performed and statistical tests used
  • Results: the main findings
  • Conclusions: brief summary and potential implications
  • Systematic review registration (if appropriate): if your systematic review is registered in a publicly accessible registry, include the name of the registry and registration number.


Three to six words representing the main content of the article.


The Background section should explain the background to the study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature and why this study was necessary or its contribution to the field.


This section should include:

  • the aim, design and setting of the study
  • the characteristics of participants or description of materials
  • a clear description of all processes, interventions and comparisons. 
  • the type of statistical analysis used, including a power calculation if appropriate
  • the software of qualitative analysis -if appropriate


This should include:

1. the findings of the studies for a review submission

2. if appropriate, results of statistical analysis which must be included either in the text or as tables and figures

3. if appropriate, results of the qualitative analysis which must be included either in the text or in the appendix


This section should discuss the implications of the findings in the context of existing research and highlight the limitations of the study.


This should state clearly the main conclusions and provide an explanation of the importance and relevance of the study reported.

List of abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of abbreviations should be provided.


All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading 'Declarations':

  • Ethics approval and consent to participate
  • Consent for publication
  • Availability of data and materials
  • Competing interests
  • Funding
  • Authors' contributions
  • Acknowledgements
  • Authors' information (optional)

Please see below for details on the information to be included in these sections.

If any of the sections are not relevant to your manuscript, please include the heading and write 'Not applicable' for that section. 

Ethics approval and consent to participate

Manuscripts reporting studies involving human participants, human data or human tissue must:

  • include a statement on ethics approval and consent (even where the need for approval was waived)
  • include the name of the ethics committee that approved the study and the committee’s reference number if appropriate

Consent for publication

If your manuscript contains any individual person’s data in any form (including any individual details, images or videos), consent for publication must be obtained from that person. All presentations of case reports must have consent for publication.

All manuscripts must include an ‘Availability of data and materials’ statement. 


All sources of funding for the research reported should be declared. The role of the funding body in the design of the study and collection, analysis, and interpretation of data and in writing the manuscript should be declared.

Authors' contributions

The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section. Please use initials to refer to each author's contribution in this section.


Please acknowledge anyone who contributed towards the article who does not meet the criteria for authorship including anyone who provided professional writing services or materials.

Authors should obtain permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

Original research/audit using quantitative data

This section is for academic quantitative articles. Apart from the main guidelines, you can also read the following to help your submission:


Briefly review the literature, emphasizing pertinent and relevant findings, methodological issues, and gaps in understanding. Conclude the introduction with a statement of purpose, your research questions, and, where relevant, your hypotheses; clearly explain the rationale for each hypothesis.


Explain your study in enough detail that it could be replicated.

Participants. Clearly state whether there is a population that you would ideally want to generalize to; explain the characteristics of that population. Explain your sampling procedure. If you are using a convenience sample, be sure to say so. Arguments for representativeness can be strengthened by comparing characteristics of the sample with that of the population on a range of variables. Describe the characteristics and size of the sample. When appropriate, describe how participants were assigned to groups.

Measures. Summarize all instruments in terms of both descriptions and measurement properties (i.e., reliability and validity). Provide estimates of the reliability of the scores in your sample in addition to reliability estimates provided by test publishers, other researchers, or both; when you make judgments about performance or when language samples are coded for linguistic characteristics, include estimates of classification dependability or coder agreement.

Procedure. Describe the conditions under which you administered your instruments.

  • Design: Make clear what type of study you have done–was your study evaluating a priori hypotheses, or was it exploratory in order to generate hypotheses? Was it a meta-analysis? Explain your design, and state whether your comparisons were within-subjects, between subjects, or both. Refer to standard works such as textbooks for study designs. Describe the methods used to deal with experimenter bias if you collected the data yourself. If you assigned participants to subgroups, explain how you did so. If you used random assignment, tell the readers how the randomization was done (e.g., coin toss, random numbers table, computerized random numbers generation). If you did not use random assignment, explain relevant covariates and the way you measured and adjusted for them, either statistically or by design. Describe the characteristics and size of the subgroups. In place of the terms experimental group and control group, use treatment group and contrast group.
  • Variables. Define the variables in the study. Make explicit the link between the theoretical constructs and the way(s) they have been operationalized in your study. Define the role of each variable in your study (e.g., dependent, independent, moderating, control). Explain how you measured or otherwise observed the variables.
  • Power and sample size. Provide information on the sample size and the process that led to the decision to use that size. Provide information on the anticipated effect size as you have estimated it from previous research. Provide the alpha level used in the study, discussing the risk of Type I error. Provide the power of your study (calculate it using a standard reference such as Cohen, 1988, or a computer program). Discuss the risk of Type II error.


  • Explain the data collected and their statistical treatment as well as all relevant results in relation to your research questions. Interpretation of results is not appropriate in this section.
  • Report unanticipated events that occurred during your data collection. Explain how the actual analysis differs from the planned analysis. Explain your handling of missing data.
  • Explain the techniques you used to "clean" your data set.
  • Choose a minimally sufficient statistical procedure; provide a rationale for its use and a textbook reference for it. Specify any computer programs used.
  • Describe the assumptions for each procedure and the steps you took to ensure that they were not violated.
  • When using inferential statistics, provide the descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, and sample sizes for each variable as well as the value of the test statistic, its direction, the degrees of freedom, and the significance level (report the actual p-value).
  • Always supplement the reporting of an actual p-value with a measure of effect magnitude (e.g., measures of strength of association or measures of effect size). Briefly contextualize the magnitude of the effect in theoretical and practical terms. Confidence intervals for the effect magnitudes of principal outcomes are recommended.
  • If you use multiple statistical analyses (e.g., t-tests, analyses of variance, correlations), make the required adjustments to the alpha level (e.g., a Bonferroni correction).
  • Avoid inferring causality, particularly in nonrandomized designs or without further experimentation.
  • Use tables to provide exact values; present all values with two places to the right of the decimal point.
  • Use figures to convey global effects. Keep figures small in size; include graphic representations of confidence intervals whenever possible.
  • Always tell the reader what to look for in tables and figures.


Interpretation. Clearly state your findings for each of your research questions and their associated hypotheses. State similarities and differences with effect sizes reported in the literature. Discuss whether features of the methodology and analysis are strong enough to support strong conclusions.

Limitations and Conclusions

Note the weaknesses of your study. Identify the theoretical and practical implications of your study. Discuss limitations and suggest improvements to your study. Provide recommendations for future research that are thoughtful and grounded both in terms of your results and in the literature.


Original research/audit using qualitative data

This section is for academic qualitative articles. In addition to the general instructions, please read  and include the following when appropriate:


As per general guidelines


Research Design Overview
• Summarize the research design (data-collection strategies, data-analytic strategies) and, if illuminating, approaches to inquiry (e.g., descriptive, interpretive, feminist, psychoanalytic, postpositivist, critical, postmodern or constructivist, pragmatic approaches).
• Provide the rationale for the design selected.
Recruitment Process
• Describe the rationale for the decision to halt data collection (e.g., saturation).
• Provide a rationale for the number of participants chosen.

Participant Selection
• Describe the participants/data sources selection process (e.g., purposive sampling methods such as maximum variation, diversity sampling, or convenience sampling methods such as snowball selection, theoretical sampling), inclusion/exclusion criteria.

Data Collection
• State the form of data collected (e.g., interviews, questionnaires, media, observation).
• Describe any alterations of data-collection strategy in response to the evolving findings or the study rationale.
• For interview and written studies indicate the mean and range of the time duration in the data-collection process (e.g., “interviews were held for 75 to 110 min, with an average interview time of 90 min”).
• Describe questions asked in data collection: Content of central questions, a form of questions (e.g., open vs. closed).

Data-Analytic Strategies
• Describe the methods and procedures used and for what purpose/goal.
• Explicate in detail the process of analysis, including some discussion of the procedures (e.g., coding, thematic analysis, etc.) with a principle of transparency.
• Describe the process of arriving at an analytic scheme, if applicable (e.g., if one was developed before or during the analysis or was emergent throughout).
• Provide illustrations and descriptions of their development, if relevant.
• Indicate software, if used.

Discuss Methodological Integrity
• Assess the adequacy of the data in terms of its ability to capture forms of diversity most relevant to the question, research goals, and inquiry approach.
• Describe how the researchers’ perspectives were managed in both the data collection and analysis (e.g., to limit their effect on the data collection, to structure the analysis).
• Demonstrate that findings are grounded in the evidence (e.g., using quotes, excerpts, or descriptions of researchers’ engagement in data collection).
• Demonstrate that the contributions are insightful and meaningful (e.g., in relation to the current literature and the study goal).

• Although findings may or may not include quantified information, depending upon the study’s goals, approach to inquiry, and study characteristics, we encourage authors to include even simple quantified information about the qualitative findings (themes), recognizing that this will assist many readers in understanding the relative importance or frequency of themes.


• Identify the study’s strengths and limitations (e.g., consider how the quality, source, or types of the data or the analytic processes might support or weaken its methodological integrity).
• Describe the limits of the scope of transferability (e.g., what should readers bear in mind when using findings across contexts).
• Consider the implications for future research, policy, or practice.

You may also include in Appendix
• Transcripts/data collected returned to participants for feedback.
• Checks on the interview thoroughness or interviewer demands.
• Consensus or auditing process.
• Member checks or participant feedback on findings.
• Data displays/matrices.
• In-depth thick description, case examples, illustrations.
• Structured methods of researcher reflexivity (e.g., sending memos, field notes, diary, log books, journals, bracketing).
• Checks on the utility of findings in responding to the study problem (e.g., an evaluation of whether a solution worked).

Systematic/systematised reviews

This section is for academic Systematic/systematised articles. All submissions undergo a peer-review process. Submissions must comply with submissions guidelines.

We encourage authors to register the protocol for their Systematic Review prospectively in the PROSPERO database and endorses the PRISMA Statement; systematic reviews and meta-analyses must adhere to these guidelines.

Systematic Reviews supports the complete and transparent reporting of research. The Editors require the submission of a populated checklist and figure from the relevant reporting guidelines, including PRISMA checklist and flow diagram or the most the appropriate PRISMA extension  for variations to the standard systematic reviews methodology. The flow diagram should be included in the main body of the text and the checklist should be provided as an additional file, both the flow diagram and the checklist should be referenced in the text. Submissions received without these elements will be returned to the authors as incomplete. A Word file of the checklist and flow diagram can be downloaded here.

It is understood that for some systematic reviews certain aspects of the report may not comply fully with the PRISMA checklist. The checklist will not be used as a tool for judging the suitability of manuscripts for publication in Systematic Reviews, but is intended as an aid to authors to clearly, completely, and transparently let reviewers and readers know what authors did and found. Using the PRISMA guideline to write the completed systematic review report, completing the PRISMA checklist, and constructing a flow diagram are likely to optimize the quality of reporting and make the peer review process more efficient. 

Please follow the general instructions for submission. 

Narrative reviews

This section is for academic narrative articles. All submissions undergo a peer-review process. Submissions must comply with submissions guidelines. Please follow the general instructions for submission. 

Case Reports

We encourage the publication of original and interesting case reports that contribute significantly to physiotherapy knowledge.
Manuscripts must meet one of the following criteria:

1. Unreported or unusual effects or adverse interactions involving interventions 
2. Unexpected or unusual presentations of disease and the complication to intervention.
3. New associations or variations in the use of guidelines while treating a patient
4. Presentations, diagnoses and/or management of different conditions
5. An unexpected event in the course of observing or treating a patient.
6. Findings that shed new light on the possible treatment of a patient
7.Presentation of an interesting patient/case

  • Case reports should include an up-to-date review of all previous cases in the field.
  • Authors should seek written and signed consent to publish the information from the patients or their guardians prior to submission. Authors will be asked to confirm informed consent was received as part of the submission process. The submitted manuscript must include a statement to this effect in the 'Consent' section, as follows: "Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case report and accompanying images". The editorial office may request copies of the informed consent documentation upon submission of the manuscript.

Preparing the manuscript

Title page 

The title page should:

  • present a title that includes, if appropriate, the study design e.g.:
  • list the full names and institutional addresses for all authors
  • indicate the corresponding author


The abstract should not exceed 350 words. Please minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract. The abstract must include the following separate sections:

  • Background: why the case should be reported and its novelty
  • Case presentation: a brief description of the patient’s clinical and demographic details, the diagnosis, any interventions and the outcomes
  • Conclusions: a brief summary of the clinical impact or potential implications of the case report


Three to six keywords representing the main content of the article.


The Background section should explain the background to the case report or study, its aims, a summary of the existing literature.

Case presentation

This section should include a description of the patient’s relevant demographic details, medical history, symptoms and signs, treatment or intervention, outcomes and any other significant details.


This should state clearly the main conclusions and include an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field.

List of abbreviations

If abbreviations are used in the text they should be defined in the text at first use, and a list of abbreviations should be provided.

Letters to the editors

A Letter to the Editor generally takes one of the following forms:

  • A substantial re-analysis of a previously published article in CPPE
  • An article that may not cover 'standard research' but that is of general interest to the broad readership of CPPE
  • A brief report of cases or research findings adequate for the journal's scope and of particular interest to the community.
  • A reflection on a published article in CPPE or elsewhere and or conference presentations

The Letter to the Editor for CPPE should start with "To the Editor", and contain the body of the article of not longer than 500 words which may be broken into subsections with short, informative headings. No Abstract is necessary.

Letters to the Editor may be edited for clarity or length and may  not be subject to peer review 

Book Reviews

Editors reserve the right to edit submissions to ensure that published articles are appropriate in length and that submissions meet the standards for an academic journal.  All such changes will be submitted to authors for final approval before publication.

By submitting a book review, you are confirming that the manuscript is your own original work and does not duplicate any other previously published work, including your own previously published work.

Submission of a review implies a commitment to publish in the eJournal of Education Policy and serves as confirmation that the CPPE is the sole publisher to which the work is being submitted.

Content to include:

State the audience of the book

  • the one the author intends
  • other audiences that may be interested in the book

State the purpose of the book

  • Theoretical
  • Applied
  • Pedagogical

If the book falls outside the scope of this journal, explain how its content is useful to the audience of this journal.

  • Other pertinent information that the reviewer deems necessary in the review
  • In-text citations follow current APA guidelines

Include also

  1. Number of pages
  2. Hardback, Paperback, Digital
  3. Publisher
  4. Keywords

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In this Privacy Notice, the terms "we", "our", and "us" refer to Coventry University Higher Education Corporation, Priory Street, Coventry, United Kingdom, CV1 5FB (ICO registration number Z6939585).

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The Contemporary Physiotherapy in Practice and education journal facilitates the publishing of internationally read, written, and peer-reviewed research via an edited open-access academic journal.

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We consider a number of factors in deciding how long to keep your data: the amount, its nature and sensitivity, the potential risk of harm from unauthorised use or disclosure; the purposes for processing it, and whether we can achieve those purposes through other means; and the applicable legal requirements.

You can delete your profile and associated information at any time from your Profile section.

Keeping your personal data secure

We are committed to the protection and security of your personal data. We will ensure that appropriate measures are taken against its unlawful or unauthorised processing, and against its accidental loss or damage. We are certified to Cyber Essentials.

How we may contact you

Please note that we may contact you in connection with the purposes set out above, by post or by electronic means (including telephone, text messages, email, social media messaging, or any other suitable electronic method).

You have the right to:

Request access to your personal data (commonly known as a "data subject access request"). This enables you to receive a copy of the personal data that we hold about you and to check that we are lawfully processing it.

Request correction of the personal data that we hold about you. This enables you to have any incomplete or inaccurate data that we hold about you corrected, although we may need to verify the accuracy of the new personal data.

Request erasure of your personal data. This enables you to ask us to delete or remove personal data if:

  • there is no good reason for us to continue processing it;
  • you have successfully exercised your right to object to processing (see below);
  • you believe we may have processed your personal data unlawfully; or
  • we are required to erase your personal data to comply with the law.

Please note that we may not be able to comply with your request for specific legal reasons which, if applicable, will be notified to you.

Object to processing of your personal data when we are relying on a public task or legitimate interest (or those of a third party), and you feel that this processing impacts on your fundamental rights and freedoms. However, these may be overridden by the public interest or our legitimate interest grounds.

Request restriction of processing of your personal data. This enables you to ask us to suspend the processing of your personal data in the following scenarios:

  • if you want us to establish the accuracy of the data;
  • where our use of the data is unlawful, but you do not want us to erase it;
  • where you need us to hold the data even if we no longer require it (for example if you need it to establish, exercise or defend legal claims); or
  • If you have objected to our use of your data, but we need to verify whether we have an overriding public interest or legitimate interest grounds to use it.

Withdraw consent at any time when we are relying on consent to process your personal data. This will not affect the lawfulness of any processing carried out before you withdraw your consent. You can ask us to stop sending you marketing messages at any time by following the “unsubscribe” (or similar) links on any marketing message sent to you, or by contacting us at any time.

When you opt-out of receiving these marketing messages you will no longer hear from us in that regard.

Exercising your rights

If you wish to exercise any of your above rights, please send a written request to the Information Governance Unit, Portal House, 163 New Union Street, Coventry, CV1 2PL or email 

You will not have to pay a fee to exercise any of your rights. However, we may charge a reasonable fee if your request is clearly unfounded, repetitive or excessive. Alternatively, we may refuse to comply with your request in these circumstances.

We may need to confirm your identity. This is a security measure to ensure that personal data is not disclosed to any person who has no right to receive it. We may also contact you to ask you for further information, in order to speed up our response.

We try to respond to all legitimate requests within one month, although it may take us longer if your request is particularly complex, or if you have made a number of requests. In this case, we will notify you and keep you updated.

Complaints and questions

We have appointed a Data Protection Officer to oversee compliance with this Privacy Notice. If you have any concerns or complaints about it, please contact the Data Protection Officer, Coventry University, Priory Street, Coventry CV1 5FB or email 

If you are not satisfied with the proposed resolution of your complaint, you have the right to contact the Information Commissioner’s Office. Further information can be found on the Information Commissioner’s website at or via their helpline on 0303 123 1113.

We reserve the right to update this Privacy Notice at any time. Any updated versions will be made available on our website.


If you have feedback for us about this privacy notice, please let us know by emailing