Developing the Role of the Clinical Academic Nurse, Midwife and Allied Health Professional in Healthcare Organisations
Clinical academics provide key contributions to positive outcomes in the delivery of high-quality health and social care; however, building capacity and capability for these roles for Nurses, Midwives and Allied Health Professionals (NMAHPs) within contemporary healthcare settings is often complex and challenging. Accessing funding and training, such as that provided by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR), can remain beyond the reach of NMAHPs at point-of-care delivery because of limited structural empowerment, practical support and a culture inhibiting the growth of clinical academic careers. This article will discuss strategic developments and partnerships from two organisations, both with a positive track record of supporting clinical academic career development for NMAHPs. We aim to provide practical and applicable examples showing how NMAHPs have been supported from foundational to post-doctoral level and outline these under three key headings: strategic commitment; structures to engage, enthuse and empower clinical academic careers; and realising the benefits for staff and patient experience. We contend that a wide-ranging level of support is required to encourage aspiring clinical academics to navigate this complex journey, often where the development of personal confidence, and access to early career models combining clinical and research activity are pivotal. We conclude that when crafted and created effectively with sustainable commitment by organisations, NMAHP clinical academics provide an innovative workforce solution with the knowledge and skills essential for a contemporary NHS healthcare system.
Bramley, L., Manning, J. C., & Cooper, J. (2018). Engaging and developing front-line clinical nurses to drive care excellence: Evaluating the Chief Nurse Excellence in Care Junior Fellowship initiative. Journal of Research in Nursing, 23(8), 678–689. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744987118808843
Brooks, C., Ballinger, C., Nutbeam, G. D., & Adams, J. (2017). The importance of building trust and tailoring interactions when meeting older adults' health literacy needs. Disability and Rehabilitation, 39(23), 2428–2435. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2016.1231849
Carr, C. (2015). Clinical Notes: A music therapist's investigation into the benefits of her therapy is just one example of the new directions research is taking on the ground. Health Service Journal, 18(Suppl), 8.
Carter, T., Walker, G. M., Aubeeluck, A., & Manning, J. C. (2019). Assessment tools of immediate risk of self-harm and suicide in children and young people: A scoping review. Journal of Child Health Care, 23(2), 178–199. https://doi.org/10.1177/1367493518787925
Coombs, M., Latter, S., & Richardson, A. (2012). Developing a clinical academic career pathway for nursing. British Journal of Nursing, 21(18), 1084–1086, 1088–1090. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2012.21.18.1084
Dinning, A., Cooper, J., Taylor K., Damas, R., & Hailes, L. (2014). ‘Knowing why we do what we do' - Establishing a unit practice council to improve evidence based nursing practice in acute medicine using appreciative inquiry. FoNS Improvement Insights, 10(5), 1.
Edis, H. (2017). Improving care for patients with dementia in the recovery room. British Journal of Nursing, 26(20), 1102–1108. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.20.1102
Fitzsimons, E., & Cooper, J. (2012). Embedding a culture of evidence-based practice. Nursing Management, 19(7), 14-19. https://doi.org/10.7748/nm2012.11.19.7.14.c9370
Jonker, L., & Fisher, S. J. (2018). The correlation between National Health Service trusts' clinical trial activity and both mortality rates and care quality commission ratings: A retrospective cross-sectional study. Public Health, 157, 1–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2017.12.022
Jonker, L., Fisher, S. J., & Dagnan, D. (2019). Patients admitted to more research-active hospitals have more confidence in staff and are better informed about their condition and medication: Results from a retrospective cross-sectional study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13118
Latter, S., Clark, J. M., Geddes, C., & Kitsell, F. (2009). Implementing a clinical academic career pathway in nursing; Criteria for success and challenges ahead. Journal of Research in Nursing, 14(2), 137–148. https://doi.org/10.1111/jep.13118
Manning, J. C., Walker, G. M., Carter, T., Aubeeluck, A., Witchell, M., & Coad, J. (2018). Children and Young People-Mental Health Safety Assessment Tool (CYP-MH SAT) study: Protocol for the development and psychometric evaluation of an assessment tool to identify immediate risk of self-harm and suicide in children and young people (10-19 years) in acute paediatric hospital settings. BMJ Open, 8(4), e020964. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020964
Murphy, E., Germain, M. J., & Murtagh, F. (2017). Palliative nephrology: Time for new insights. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 70(5), 593–595. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2017.07.008
NHS England. (2017). Implementing Better Births: A resource pack for Local Maternity Systems. https://www.england.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/nhs-guidance-maternity-services-v1.pdf
Quéré, I., Palmier, S., Nøerregaard, S., Pastor, J., Sykorova, M., Dring, E., Franks, P. J., Murray, S., Keeley, V., Bermark, S., Karlsmark, T., Kyne, N., Colgan, M.-P., Coulombe, M.-M., Mestre, S., Mercier, G., & Moffatt, C. J. (2019). LIMPRINT: Estimation of the prevalence of lymphoedema/chronic oedema in acute hospital in in-patients. Lymphatic Research and Biology, 17(2), 135–140. https://doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2019.0024
Strickland, K. (2017). Developing an infrastructure to support clinical academic careers. British Journal of Nursing, 26(22), 1249-1252. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2017.26.22.1249
University Hospital Southampton, NHS Foundation Trust (UHSFT). (2017). Research for all University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust Research Strategy https://www.uhs.nhs.uk/Media/Southampton-Clinical-Research/RD-strategy-2017-2022.pdf
Wagland, R., Fenlon, D., Tarrant, R., Howard-Jones, G., & Richardson, A. (2015). Rebuilding self-confidence after cancer: A feasibility study of life-coaching. Support Care in Cancer, 23(3), 651–659. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-014-2399-5
Wells, F., & Manning, J. (2017). Transition of care from children's to adult services. Nursing Children and Young People, 29(8), 30–34. https://doi.org/10.7748/ncyp.2017.e897
Westwood, G., Fader, M., Roberts, L., Green, S. M., Prieto, J., & Bayliss-Pratt, L. (2013). How clinical academics are transforming patient care. Health Service Journal, 123(6368), 28–29.
Westwood, G., Richardson, A., Latter, S., Macleod Clark, J., & Fader, M. (2018). Building clinical academic leadership capacity: Sustainability through partnership. Journal of Research in Nursing, 23(4), 346–357. https://doi.org/10.1177/1744987117748348
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons License "Attribution-NonCommercial No Derivs 4.0 International" (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) which permits others to use the publication as long as the authors are appropriately cited.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).
- The Author grants to Coventry University an irrevocable, royalty-free, worldwide, non-exclusive licence to publish this article in this journal in addition to the licence granted at paragraph 1 of this copyright notice.