Developing and Implementing Supervisor Training for Clinical Psychologists in the United Kingdom

  • Jan Hughes University of Leeds
  • Sarah Baxter Bradford Teaching Hospitals Foundation Trust
  • Frances Corrigall Cygnet Hospital, Bradford
  • Tom Isherwood University of Leeds
Keywords: clinical psychologists, supervision, supervisor training

Abstract

Engagement in supervision is a professional requirement for clinical psychologists in the UK (Division of Clinical Psychology 2014). There is, however, little guidance regarding how psychologists should be taught the skills required to be a supervisor, or how these skills should be evaluated. This article starts by reviewing the development of national guidance for the training of clinical psychologists as supervisors. Nationally agreed learning objectives for supervisor training are presented. The article then describes how this guidance was operationalised within a region of the UK, and how this has been developed over a number of years. The training and its evaluation processes are outlined and mapped against the learning objectives, with suggestions for future developments.

Author Biographies

Jan Hughes, University of Leeds
Joint Programme Director
Sarah Baxter, Bradford Teaching Hospitals Foundation Trust
Clinical Psychologist
Frances Corrigall, Cygnet Hospital, Bradford
Clinical Psychologist
Tom Isherwood, University of Leeds
Deputy Clinical Director

References

Bates, R. (2004) ‘A critical analysis of evaluation practice: The Kirkpatrick model and the principle of beneficence.’ Evaluation & Program Planning, 27, 341–347 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2004.04.011

Baxter, S. (2012) An evaluation of the training of new clinical psychology supervisors. Unpublished Service Evaluation Project commissioned by The University of Leeds, Department of Clinical Psychology.

Beinart, H. and Golding, L. (2015) ‘Group of trainers in clinical psychology supervisor training and recognition (STAR) guidance on learning outcomes for advanced supervisor training: The desired characteristics of experienced and effective clinical psychology supervisors.’ Clinical Psychology Forum, 266, 30–35

Bernard, J.M. and Goodyear, R.K. (1998) Fundamentals of Clinical Supervision (2nd edn.). Boston, M.A : Allyn & Bacon

Bernard, J.M. and Goodyear, R.K. (2004) Fundamentals of Clinical Supervision (3rd edn.). Boston, M.A: Pearson Education

Borders, L.D., Glosoff, H.L., Welfare, L.E., Hays, D.G., DeKruyf, L., Fernando, D.M., and Page, B. (2014) ‘Best practices in clinical supervision: Evolution of a counseling specialty.’ The Clinical Supervisor, 33 (1), 25–44 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07325223.2014.905225

British Psychological Society (2014) Standards for Accreditation in Doctoral Programmes in Clinical Psychology. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society

Cliffe, T., Beinart, H., and Cooper, M (2016) ‘Development and validation of the short version of the Supervisory Relationship Questionnaire.’ Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 23, 77–86 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1935

Corrigall, F. (2014) ‘Evaluation of the supervisor training course in Yorkshire.’ Unpublished Service Evaluation Programme commissioned by The University of Leeds, Department of Clinical Psychology.

Culloty, T., Milne, D., and Sheilkh, A.L. (2010) ‘Evaluating the training of the clinical supervisors; A pilot study using the fidelity framework.’ The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, 3, 132–144 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1754470X10000139

Division of Clinical Psychology (2006) Continued Supervision. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society

Division of Clinical Psychology (2014) DCP Policy on Clinical Supervision. Leicester, UK: British Psychological Society

Falender, C.A., Erickson Cornish, J.A., Goodyear, R., Hatcher, R., Kaslow, N.J. Leventhal, G., Shafranske, E., and Sigmon, S.T. (2004) ‘Defining competencies in psychology, supervision: A consensus statement.’ Journal of Clinical Psychology 60 (7), 771–785 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20013

Fleming, I. and Green, D. (2007) ‘Developing supervision within clinical psychology: The work of the DROSS group.’ Clinical Psychology Forum, 175, 28–32

Fleming, I. and Hughes, J. (2015) ‘Supervisor training: recent updates.’ Clinical Psychology Forum, 266, 36–39

Green, D.R. and Dye, L. (2002) ‘How should we best train clinical psychology supervisors? A Delphi survey.’ Psychology Learning and Teaching, 2 (2), 108–115 http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/plat.2002.2.2.108

Kiresuk, T.J. and Sherman, R.E. (1968) ‘Goal attainment scaling. A general method for evaluating comprehensive community mental health programmes.’ Community Mental Health Journal 4 (6), 443–453 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01530764

Kirkpatrick, D.L. (1959) ‘Techniques for evaluating training programs.’ Journal of American Society for Training & Development 13 (11), 3–9.

Kirkpatrick, J. and Kirkpatrick, W. (2015) An Introduction to the New World Kirkpatrick Model. [online] available from www.kirkpatrickpartners.com/Resources/tabid/56/Default.aspx [31 May 2016]

Milne, D.L. (2010) ‘Can we enhance the training of clinical supervisors? A national pilot study of an evidence-based approach.’ Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 17 (4), 321–328 http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.657

Milne, D.L., Aylot, H., Fitzpatrick, H., and Ellis, M.V. (2008) ‘How does clinical supervision work? Using a ‘best evidence synthesis’ approach to construct a basic model of supervision.’ The Clinical Supervisor 27 (2), 170–190 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07325220802487915

Palomo, M., Beinart, H., and Cooper, M.J. (2010) ‘Development and validation of the Supervisory Relationship Questionnaire (SRQ) in UK trainee clinical psychologists.’ British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 49, 131–149 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1348/014466509X441033/full

Reiser, R.P., and Milne, D.L. (2014) ‘A systematic review and reformulation of outcomes evaluation in clinical supervision; applying the fidelity framework.’ Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 8 (3), 149–157 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/tep0000031

Sitzmann, T., Brown, K.G., Casper, W.J., Ely, K., and Zimmerman, R.D. (2008) ‘A review and meta-analysis of the nomological network of trainee reactions.’ Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 280–295 http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.93.2.280

Wainwright, N.A. (2010) The development of the Leeds Alliance in Supervision Scale (LASS), unpublished DClinPsy thesis. Leeds, UK: School of Medicine, University of Leeds.

Watkins, C.E. (2012) ‘Educating psychotherapy supervisors.’ American Journal of Psychotherapy, 66 (3), 279–309.

Published
2016-12-15
How to Cite
Hughes, J., Baxter, S., Corrigall, F., & Isherwood, T. (2016). Developing and Implementing Supervisor Training for Clinical Psychologists in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Practice-Based Learning in Health and Social Care, 4(2), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.18552/ijpblhsc.v4i2.346